Canine Sperm Analysis is a technique that is used to study the cells of male dogs. The sperm cells are analyzed in order to identify the possible causes of infertility.
Sperm Analysis examines the whole process of sperm production and how it may be disrupted in some animals.
This article discusses the factors affecting sperm quality, how dogs’ semen is tested, and the reasons why your dogs have low-quality sperm cells.
What Is A Dog Sperm Analysis?
A sperm analysis in dogs is a test that is done on a male dog’s semen. The test helps veterinarians and breeders determine the health of the dog, how fertile it is, and the overall reproductive status of the dog.
A sperm analysis consists of the following:
● sperm count to determine sperm concentration
The normal sperm count in dogs is over 300 million spermatozoa. Each ejaculate is 10 million spermatozoa per pound of body weight.
If you’re thinking of artificial insemination for your dogs, a sperm count of at least 200 million motile sperm is required for a successful vaginal AI.
● motility analysis to determine sperm viability
Sperm motility refers to the ability of sperms to swim right. Often, it is considered the most important parameter for measuring sperm quality.
70% of your dog’s sperm should show forward motility or the speed at which they move in forward.
● morphology analysis to identify sperm abnormalities
Morphology refers to the abnormalities of the shape and size of the sperm. Morphological abnormalities in more than 20% of the sperm cells may mean fewer chances of pregnancy.
All of these contribute to the quality of your dog’s sperm.
Why Get a Sperm Analysis for Dogs?
It is important to know the sperm count in dogs because it can help with diagnosing infertility, hormonal imbalance, and other issues.
The semen test for canines is done in different ways with variations in sensitivity of the tests. The most accurate test is when the veterinarian uses a microscope to examine the fluid under a microscope.
This examination can determine whether or not there are any abnormalities in the cells that produce sperm.
What Affects the Quality of Sperm Cells?
Poor canine semen quality is a major concern for many pet owners. As of yet, there are no known factors that are definitively linked to the issue.
Many pet owners have their dogs’ semen tested in search of answers. Although, health factors affecting humans may also be playing a role in canine sperm quality.
Factors like hormonal imbalances, fever from infection, diseases of the testicles, and even medications taken are all possible reasons why a dog might have low-quality sperm cells.
Additionally, it is also possible that the low quality may be due to environmental or genetic reasons.
What to Do If Your Dog Has Low-Quality Sperm Cells?
Dogs with low sperm count often produce very little semen. The sperm cells will also be of lower quality and it can take many months to achieve a pregnancy.
The first step is to schedule an appointment for a dog semen analysis, which helps detect the health of the dog’s sperm.
The vet will also provide you with instructions on what to do if your dog has low-quality sperm cells.
Some dog owners start their dogs on a vitamin E supplement diet, while some use fertility vitamins. It’s important to get your dog seen by the vet first and ask the vet’s opinion before you start on any fertility treatment.
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